A chokehold is defined as a grappling hold that critically reduces or prevents either air or blood from passing through the neck. Author, professor and former prosecutor Paul Butler says this term -- "chokehold" -- is also representative of the oppressive and strangulating American criminal-justice system and its treatment of black men. With such notions in place, how can society begin to move away from its learned fear of black men and a law-enforcement system that actively works against black men? Professor Butler and former prosecutor and criminal-justice activist Adam Foss discuss this deep-rooted bias against black men, how this discrimination has evolved over generations and throughout our country, and the true reasoning behind the #TakeAKnee protest movement in professional football.
- Paul Butler, author of "Chokehold: Policing Black Men." Butler is a Georgetown Law professor and former prosecutor. Butler is an expert on race and criminal justice, and his work has been profiled on major news programs, including "60 Minutes" and "NBC Evening News." His work has also been published in the New York Times, the Washington Post and The Daily Beast, among other major outlets. He is also the author of "Let's Get Free: A Hip-Hop Theory of Justice."
- Adam Foss, criminal-justice activist and the founder of Prosecutor Impact. Foss is a former assistant district attorney in the Suffolk County District Attorney's Office in Boston. His TED Talk is called, "A prosecutor's vision for a better justice system." Follow Adam Foss on Twitter.
BONUS CONTENT: Hear more from our conversation with Paul Butler and Adam Foss!
Paul Butler reads more from his book, "Chokehold: Policing Black Men"
Paul Butler discusses how the "warrior mentality" of police officers is harmful for everyone and gives suggestions for the evolution of law-enforcement officers and programs in America.